November 12

Forcing Immigrants To Work In Regional Areas

Forcing Immigrants To Work In Regional Areas

The federal government is looking at the possibility of requiring immigrants to live in certain rural and regional areas as a way to address concerns raised by politicians about the impact of immigration on infrastructure and public services. Alan Tudge, minister for multicultural and citizenship affairs, was quote saying. We are looking into ways to effectively tie people to these regions, if they have a sponsorship.

These policies are design to help rural and regional economies. Recent research by John Madden and Louise Roos has shown that the policy of granting temporary visas to migrants (457 visas) to the country is not effective in boosting long-term regional economies.

Employers were able to bring in skill workers from abroad for up to four year under the 457 visa program, which replace in April 2017 by a more restrictive but similar temporary skill shortage visa. Employers from any country can apply. However, it is possible to use the program to send migrants to non-urban areas. Visa holders legally bound to their employers and their location.

Impact Of Regionally

Two scenarios were create as part of our research. The first looked at the impact of regionally targeted 457 visas. This done by assigning visa holders to non-metropolitan areas. The second model simulated what would happen if visa holders moved across regions based on their current settlement patterns.

We considered the labour market and visa details for workers in each capital and the rest of each territory or state (except the ACT which we treated as one territory). Also considered the possibility that workers might want to move to other regions or occupations due to wage movements.

We found that national employment and real GDP increased by almost identical amounts. Likewise, national wages decreased under programs where immigrants were target to rural or regional areas.

We found that targeted visa programs increase regional activity at the regional level in the short-term. However, this is not sustainable over the long term. Economic variables like regional real GDP and employment begin to look the same after five to ten years.

Displacement Of Workers Immigrants

This is mainly due to the displacement of workers in the region. The targeted migration program increases the number of workers in the region. The result is that wages in the area are lower than those in other regions. This discourages workers coming from other regions to work in the region and encourages them to stay. We also looked at what would happen if permanent skilled migration programs were target at rural and regional areas.

There are many permanent regional skill migration programs available, including the Regional Sponsored Migratory Scheme, the skill nominated Visa, and the skilled regional Visa. These visa holders are allow to remain in the country for as long as they wish, but must stay in their designated region for at most two years. This is different from temporary visa holders who have to leave Australia once they are grant a permanent visa.

We found similar results for targeted permanent visas when we investigated them. We find that the short-term employment and regional GDP gains resulting from regionally targeted migration programs under temporary or permanent visa arrangements gradually resemble those of untargeted programs.

New immigrants often move to other areas, mostly to capital cities or to countries overseas over time. Even if effective and implementable policies were developed to bring new immigrants to the region, the displacement effect that we have described would still be detrimental to the long-term economic and population health of the region.

November 12

Regional Artist And Why Do They Matter

Regional Artist And Why Do They Matter

Last year, at the Regional Artist Australia Summit in Kalgoorlie–Boulder, Attorney General George Brandis announced funding of more than A$1,000,000 for regional arts projects in Australia. He state that regional arts was one area that should protect from budget cuts. What are regional art and why is it important?

You would think that the term was well-known. However, definitions can vary greatly. To determine who is or isn’t regional, many funding bodies adopt the Australian Bureau of Statistics Accessibility/Remoteness Index of Australia a model which defines all areas outside the major capital cities as regional and classifies their degree of remoteness based on proximity to service centres.

Other arts organizations prefer to use the Rural, Remote, and Metropolitan Areas Index for their classifications. This excludes any centres with more than 100,000 people from regional funding. This means that centres like Wollongong and Newcastle will consider regional, and therefore eligible for funding.

The definition of regional is, in short, up to the eye of the beholder. Senator Brandis stated that during his press conference at Regional Arts Australia Summit. Quality arts and cultural activities do not have to be restrict to capital cities.

Artists who live in grey areas between urban and rural areas should be aware of the demographic and geographic criteria of each funding body if they want to be eligible to receive grant money for their region.

What Does It Mean To Be A Regional Artist?

A regional artist, geographically speaking, is someone who lives and practices art in a region. This covers large towns, villages, and rural areas.

Regional artists are more likely to focus on visual arts and writing. However, actors, dancers and musicians are also among the many who could self-identify themselves as regional artists.

The same goes for regional artists’ work. Some focus on their environment, others the social fabric, and some ignore it entirely.

This diversity can be seen in Hill End, Bathurst, New South Wales’s iconic arts village. Here, the work of local landscape artists is juxtaposed with the PVC pipe sculptures of Mark Booth, and the architectural sculpture by Hui Selwood.

Regional artists may be able to enjoy the advantages of working in their favorite places, as well as lower overheads and closer family members, but they also face difficulties such as limited access to professional development programs and fewer networking opportunities, and limited market access. Arts funding can help make a real difference.

Regional Arts Funding

Regional artists can apply for funding through a variety of major programs. While the Federal Regional Artist Fund is the flagship program, each state has its own funding programs. Organisations can also access non-arts-related funds if they use the arts for works that promote health, economic development, or social cohesion.

Federal funding is available through many sources: the Minister for the Arts is part of the Attorney-General’s Office, as well as the Australia Council. The Australia Council has a funding decision-making process where government acts in an independent manner. This principle was established by the Australia Council’s foundation back in 1973. However, it seems that this approach may be endangered after last year’s Sydney Biennale boycott.

Due to the many funding sources, funding pools, and individual programs available, it is difficult to estimate how much money regional arts receives. However, grants can vary from A$500 to A$150,000 for artists to A$150,000 to arts fellowships.

Major funding bodies insist that grants are going to regional Australia in accordance with the population. Around 32% of Australians reside regionally. However, the actual amount is often lower due to the fact that these bodies are based in cities.

Nevertheless, there are some programs of the Australia Council that have clear regional benefits. These programs include Visions of Australia and Playing Australia. The Contemporary Music Touring Program, Festivals Australia: Regional Festival Projects Fund and Playing Australia are all funding pools that provide incentives for artists to perform in regions.

Arts Start grants, which help young artists develop their careers, and business strategies, have a history of supporting regional artists.

November 12

Regional Universities And Communities Need Targeted Help To Ride Out

Regional Universities And Communities Need Targeted Help To Ride Out

COVID-19 is expect to have a devastating regional impact on Australian universities, causing them to lose billions in revenue. By 2024, the estimated loss of revenue from international students is A$18 trillion. All universities are affect but regional universities and communities are most at risk.

Regions have limited resources so universities play an important role in their economies. Or they risk jeopardising regional growth and job creation by not adapting to rapidly changing conditions and changes in government policy. The long-term consequences for regional communities could disastrous if these universities are not support by the government.

CQ University part of the Regional Universities Network (RUN), which includes Southern Cross University and Federation University Australia. It also includes University of New England. University of Southern Queensland, University of the Sunshine Coast, University of the Sunshine Coast, University of New England and University of New England. CQUniversity, which has 39% international students, is facing a revenue shortfall in 2020. Charles Sturt University (32% of international students) is facing a loss in revenue of A$80 million.

What Are The Economic Effects On Regional Economies?

COVID-19 has caused job losses at all universities. Regional economies are most affected by these job losses. Helen Bartlett, RUN chair, spoke to a hearing of a federal parliamentary commission in May. Regional universities’ job losses have a major impact on the regionals communities, especially when there is little alternative for professional employment.

She urged the government to double its annual regionals loading funding of A$74 millions. Each year, around 115,000 students are educate at regional universities. This is about 9% of all enrolments in Australian public universities. A 2018 study showed that regional universities contribute A$1.7 billion to their local economies each year. Seven out of ten of the ten graduates end up working in regionals areas.

The national economy also benefits from the contributions of more than A$2.1 billion to regionals universities and 14,000 full-time positions at these institutions

What’s The Government Doing?

The federal government provided A$18 billion of funding for universities in April to support the sector during the coronavirus crisis. A$100 million was also grant in regulatory fee relief. Deborah Terry, chair of Universities Australia, welcomed the first step. She warn that 21,000 jobs could still lost. The government unveiled the Job-Ready Graduates Package in June. The government plans to reduce student fees for select courses and increase others to encourage students to study for the jobs of the future.

Regional universities will receive additional support, including. 3.5% increase in Commonwealth Grant Scheme funding for regional and remote campuses. A$5,000 payment for students who are from remote, regionals and very remote regions who enroll in Certificate IV or higher studies for at least one-year.

A new A$500million-per-year fund to support students from Indigenous, Regionals and Low-Social Status get into university. A$48.4 Million in research grants to regional universities for partnering with industry and other universities to increase their research capacity. A$21 million for the establishment of new regionals universities centres.

guaranteed bachelor-level Commonwealth-supported places to support more Indigenous students from regional and remote areas to go to any public university. A fund to link industry sectors with the government is also being promise at A$900 million. This fund will help universities to build stronger relationships with STEM industry and offer work-integrated learning opportunities.

What Does This Mean To Regional Universities?

The package was welcome by the Regional Universities Network. Bartlett said. The student contribution to courses in teaching, nursing, allied health and engineering should be reduced to encourage more regional students to study these subjects. There should be more jobs in these regions, it is believed. Regional Australia will have more skilled workers if there are more graduates from our universities.

The tertiary education industry must remain vigilant as the COVID-19 economic war is constantly evolving. Prioritizing spending should ensure that it is equitable for all universities and communities. The key factors that affect the success of tertiary education within the region and the dependent communities must be considered by decision-makers.